Article published by Glenn Scherer Sugarcane crop production in Brazil may need to expand by up to 5 million hectares by 2030 to meet a rising demand for ethanol biofuels, according to computer models that compared the impact of different economic, social, and policy scenarios on increased ethanol production.The recent study found that sugarcane ethanol demand by 2030 would increase by between 17.5 and 34.4 million metric tonnes. This demand could be met without new deforestation by intensifying ranching practices and converting existing Brazilian cattle pastures to sugarcane.However, in a move that surprised many experts, President Jair Bolsonaro this month revoked a decree limiting sugarcane cultivation in the Amazon and Pantanal biomes, leaving the decision about how to meet rising ethanol demand in the hands of the sugarcane industry.Experts say that even with the end of state regulation, sugarcane expansion into the Amazon and Pantanal is unlikely due to poor agricultural conditions and lack of infrastructure there, along with the industry’s need to maintain its positive environmental reputation in international markets. A sugarcane plantation in Mato Grosso state, Brazil. Photo credit: CIFOR on Visual Hunt / CC BY-NC-ND.Sugarcane production in Brazil could expand by more than 5 million hectares (19,305 square miles) by 2030 to meet demand for ethanol biofuels, according to a study published in the journal Energy Policy — with potential impacts on the nation’s carbon emissions and deforestation.Biofuels are liquid fuels produced from crops, such as biodiesel produced from soybeans and ethanol made from fermented corn or sugarcane. They’ve been presented by advocates as a silver bullet for reducing global greenhouse gas emissions, but critics argue that the clearing of native vegetation to make way for biofuel plantations, and the carbon emissions associated with that land-use change, can exceed the emissions savings gained by avoiding fossil fuels.Despite these concerns, Brazil has embraced ethanol biofuels, and is now a world-leader in their production. The majority of the country’s sugarcane ethanol is sold to domestic consumers, who in 2018 used 33 billion liters (7.26 billion gallons). This biofuel surge is partly driven by Brazilian law which requires that gasoline be mixed with 27 percent ethanol to produce a blended fuel. In Brazil, the majority of light vehicles are known as “flex-fuel,” able to run on either blended fuel or 100 percent ethanol, giving individual drivers a choice.Measuring future demandThe study, led by Milton de Andrade Junior, a PhD researcher at Australia’s University of Queensland, investigated the impact on sugarcane plantation expansion by modeling a range of ethanol demand scenarios likely by 2030 based on variable GDP projections, population growth, and fuel price forecasts.Researchers considered three policy scenarios: a high-demand scenario in which renewable fuels are favored and the mandated fuel blend increases to 35 percent ethanol; a low-demand scenario where fossil fuels are preferred and the mandate decreases to 20 percent ethanol; and a business-as-usual scenario where the blend remains steady at 27 percent.The authors predicted ethanol demand would increase by 17.5 million tonnes (of oil equivalent) in the fossil fuel scenario, and 34.4 million metric tonnes in the renewables scenario, representing an increase of 11 percent and 119 percent, respectively, over current levels of production.Policies favoring fossil fuels would lead to demand for 1.2 million hectares (4,633 square miles) of new sugarcane plantations by 2030, whereas renewables-focused policies would spur that expansion to 5 million hectares (19,305 square miles) — an area of new production roughly the size of Costa Rica.David Lapola, an earth-system modeller at the University of Campinas in São Paulo state, not involved in the research, says he’s not surprised by the findings. “Of course, the demand for transport and the policies related to that … will affect the future demand,” he said. However, “the good thing is that they put that in numbers.”Lapola does point to some uncertainties: ethanol isn’t the only possible product of sugarcane — harvested canes can also, for example, be processed into sugars for use in food — something he says the authors didn’t take into account. So even if Brazil’s domestic demand for ethanol subsides, sugarcane production may grow along with global demand for sugar.A biofuel plant in Piricicaba, São Paulo state, Brazil. Sugarcane is turned into ethanol by fermenting sugarcane juice and molasses. Photo credit: Department of Energy and Climate Change on Flickr.Managing production to reduce emissions and deforestationWhile sugarcane-based biofuels are typically dubbed as renewable, “whether ethanol use actually reduces greenhouse gas emissions depends on how the sugarcane is produced,” explains geoscientist Akenya Alkimim from the Universidade Federal de Vicosa in Minas Gerais, Brazil.Last year Alkimim reported the results of computer modeling, showing that for every hectare deforested in the Amazon, sugarcane plantations would release 608 tonnes of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, creating a total “carbon debt” that would take 62 years of biofuel production to payback. So, she asks, “What would be the purpose of switching over to a ‘clean energy’ [renewable biofuel] if it would result in a higher overall carbon debt?”However, if Brazil meets its rising sugarcane production needs not through new deforestation, but by converting existing pasture to cropland, that would release less than a tenth of the CO2 and take only six years to repay the carbon debt.The need for intensified cattle ranchingExpansion of sugarcane into existing pasture could still indirectly drive increased carbon emissions if that land-use shift merely displaces cattle from already degraded grazing lands, causing ranchers to deforest elsewhere. In a 2010 study, Lapola estimated that sugarcane expansion could result in up to 52,000 square kilometers (20,077 square miles) of this kind of indirect deforestation by 2020, creating a carbon debt that would take 40 years to repay.Thankfully, this worst case scenario has not been borne out. Instead, Lapola and colleagues have observed a different sequence of events: cattle ranchers giving up degraded pasture, tend to intensify land use by multiplying the number of cattle grazed per hectare elsewhere, a best use practice known as “increased stocking density” which minimizes new deforestation.This land use intensification trend is predicted to continue in de Andrade Junior’s models, with increases in stocking density crucial to preventing sugarcane expansion from driving deforestation. “Since the stocking rates in Brazil are very low compared to their potential… higher pasture yields spare land for agriculture expansion without compromising beef and milk production,” said de Andrade Junior.Sugarcane, a type of grass, is cultivated around the world, but Brazil is the single largest producer. Photo credit: Thomas Milne on Visual hunt / CC BY-NC-ND.Accounting for changing government policiesIn the present study, de Andrade Junior and his colleagues applied GLOBIOM-Brazil, a land use model created by Brazil’s to predict what types of land would bear the brunt of the projected sugarcane expansion. The team suggests that government fuel policies will have only a minor effect on future native vegetation loss, because all three study scenarios predicted that expansions would take place almost exclusively within pastures and not require new deforestation.This is partly because the models included the Zoneamento Agroecologico de Cana-de-açúcar (ZAE CANA) — government zoning rules approved in 2009 that exclude federal subsidies for sugarcane producers in environmentally sensitive regions, including the Amazon and Pantanal wetlands. But on November 5, President Bolsonaro issued a decree revoking zoning regulations for the sugarcane industry, opening up the Amazon and other areas of primary forest to expanded cane cultivation.While the government claims the move is necessary to reduce bureaucracy and boost the ethanol industry, experts criticized the move, saying that opening up two extremely fragile biomes to sugarcane expansion is unjustifiable — and unneeded.“Bolsonaro must understand that Brazil does not need to choose between conservation and economic development,” Alkimim explained.Aline Soterroni, the modeling study’s co-author, described Bolsonaro’s move as “completely unnecessary … It is possible to meet a high demand for sugarcane ethanol in the coming years by expanding the sugarcane area over low productive pastures, and fully respecting the [zoning rules],” she said. ZAE CANA left around 60 million hectares (231,661 square miles) in Brazil outside the Amazon and Pantanal open to sugarcane cultivation — an area six times the extent of current sugarcane plantations in the country, and more than enough to meet even the highest demand scenario while avoiding primary forest.The repeal came as a surprise for many, as it wasn’t apparently driven by industry pressure. Local industry representatives have previously rejected the idea as an unnecessary risk to the positive environmental reputation of the cane industry, which has historically distanced itself from Amazon deforestation.In a statement published on the Brazilian Sugarcane Industry Association (UNICA) website, the organisation reaffirmed their commitment to the National Biofuel Policy (RenovaBio), a voluntary initiative that prohibits deforestation and rewards fuel producers that emit less carbon into the atmosphere with “decarbonization credits,” which is set to come into force in 2020.Experts hope that RenovaBio combined with the current Brazilian Forest Code, which mandates that 80 percent of privately owned land in the Legal Amazon must be conserved, will constrain sugarcane expansion to degraded pasture and other already existing agricultural land, despite the loss of ZAE regulations.Staying within these areas serves industry interests because the Amazon and Pantanal ecosystems are poorly suited for cane cultivation and lack existing infrastructure to support new plantations. Areas elsewhere permitted by the now-revoked ZAE included the “most favorable soil and climate conditions for sugarcane crops in Brazil, so producers are naturally likely to favor those regions — regardless of the current political climate,” said de Andrade Junior.“At least in the [next few years] it shouldn’t bring much difference to the sugarcane game,” agreed Lapola. “There [will be] no sugarcane plantation where there is no mill to process the harvest.”The sugar that accumulates inside the stems of sugarcane can be harvested to produce cane sugar, molasses, and a number of by-products including biofuel. Photo credit: AdamCohn on Visualhunt.com / CC BY-NC-ND.Saving the Amazon to save faceIn the longer term, it may not make economic sense for sugarcane producers to expand into the Amazon or Pantanal, because doing so could limit the export market. If even a fraction of Brazil’s bioethanol became associated with Amazon deforestation, the entire industry could be subject to boycotts at the consumer-, distributor- or national-level.“The sugarcane industry doesn’t want to get involved in deforestation issues, so they might stay away from the region,” said Lapola.Unlike corn ethanol produced in the U.S., which emits more greenhouse gases than it absorbs, sugarcane ethanol is accepted for import to the EU, Japan and other countries with strict import regulations, giving Brazil a competitive environmental advantage over other big biofuel producers.Amazon expansion could tip the balance on greenhouse gas emissions from sugarcane ethanol, making it hard to market as a renewable energy source and hampering Brazil’s own efforts to curb carbon emissions per the 2015 Paris Climate Agreement. Bolsonaro’s “decision may put this important commodity under risk of boycott, something that is not in the economic interest of the ethanol sector itself,” said Soterroni.Bolsonaro’s ZAE decision a threat to cane industry?Bolsonaro’s repeal of the ZAE coincides with the publication of greenhouse gas emissions statistics for 2018 by the greenhouse gas monitoring initiative Sistema de Estimativas de Emissões e Remoções de Gases de Efeito Estufa (SEEG). The figures show that Brazil’s total greenhouse gas emissions remained stable in 2018 despite increasing deforestation, as a result of increasing bioethanol consumption, which reduced carbon emissions from the energy sector by 5 percent. However, dramatic increases in deforestation and forest fires seen in 2019 make it unlikely that the renewable energy sector can compensate for future surging emissions.Alkimim suggests that this combination of factors may eventually lead the powerful Brazilian agricultural lobby, known as the bancada rurlista, to pressure Bolsonaro to reinstate ZAE to avoid tarnishing the industry’s renewable energy reputation. The President “will be forced to change his policies if they [negatively] affect Brazilian agribusiness.”Thus, despite diminishing Amazon and Pantanal protections, ethanol biofuel production may yet turn out to be a practical means of meeting Brazil’s growing transportation demands, while avoiding forest loss and keeping carbon emissions low. “The conversion of pastures, especially degraded pastures, to ethanol production could be considered as a viable strategy for Brazil to combat GHG [greenhouse gas] emissions,” concluded Alkimim.But Lapola warns that liquid biofuels might soon lose their appeal: “I think the authors here, and probably everyone, are underestimating the speed at which hybrids and fully electric cars can dominate the market in the next decade or two.”This story was first reported by Mongabay’s Brazil team and published here on our Brazil site on Nov. 11, 2019.Citation:de Andrade Junior, M. A. U., Valin, H., Soterroni, A. C., Ramos, F. M., & Halog, A. (2019). Exploring future scenarios of ethanol demand in Brazil and their land-use implications. Energy Policy, 134, 110958. Doi: 10.1016/j.enpol.2019.110958FEEDBACK: Use this form to send a message to the author of this post. If you want to post a public comment, you can do that at the bottom of the page. Agriculture, Amazon Agriculture, Amazon Conservation, Amazon Destruction, Cattle, Cattle Pasture, Cattle Ranching, Conservation, Controversial, Deforestation, Drivers Of Deforestation, Energy, Energy Politics, Environment, Environmental Politics, Forests, Green, Industrial Agriculture, Land Use Change, Rainforest Deforestation, Rainforest Destruction, Rainforests, Threats To The Amazon, Tropical Deforestation Popular in the CommunitySponsoredSponsoredOrangutan found tortured and decapitated prompts Indonesia probeEMGIES17 Jan, 2018We will never know the full extent of what this poor Orangutan went through before he died, the same must be done to this evil perpetrator(s) they don’t deserve the air that they breathe this has truly upset me and I wonder for the future for these wonderful creatures. So called ‘Mankind’ has a lot to answer for we are the only ones ruining this world I prefer animals to humans any day of the week.What makes community ecotourism succeed? In Madagascar, location, location, locationScissors1dOther countries should also learn and try to incorporateWhy you should care about the current wave of mass extinctions (commentary)Processor1 DecAfter all, there is no infinite anything in the whole galaxy!Infinite stupidity, right here on earth.The wildlife trade threatens people and animals alike (commentary)Anchor3dUnfortunately I feel The Chinese have no compassion for any living animal. They are a cruel country that as we knowneatbeverything that moves and do not humanily kill these poor animals and insects. They have no health and safety on their markets and they then contract these diseases. Maybe its karma maybe they should look at the way they live and stop using animals for all there so called remedies. DisgustingConservationists welcome China’s wildlife trade banThobolo27 JanChina has consistently been the worlds worst, “ Face of Evil “ in regards our planets flora and fauna survival. In some ways, this is nature trying to fight back. This ban is great, but the rest of the world just cannot allow it to be temporary, because history has demonstrated that once this coronavirus passes, they will in all likelihood, simply revert to been the planets worst Ecco Terrorists. Let’s simply not allow this to happen! How and why they have been able to degrade this planets iconic species, rape the planets rivers, oceans and forests, with apparent impunity, is just mind boggling! Please no more.Probing rural poachers in Africa: Why do they poach?Carrot3dOne day I feel like animals will be more scarce, and I agree with one of my friends, they said that poaching will take over the world, but I also hope notUpset about Amazon fires last year? Focus on deforestation this year (commentary)Bullhorn4dLies and more leisSponsoredSponsoredCoke is again the biggest culprit behind plastic waste in the PhilippinesGrapes7 NovOnce again the article blames companies for the actions of individuals. It is individuals that buy these products, it is individuals that dispose of them improperly. If we want to change it, we have to change, not just create bad guys to blame.Brazilian response to Bolsonaro policies and Amazon fires growsCar4 SepThank you for this excellent report. I feel overwhelmed by the ecocidal intent of the Bolsonaro government in the name of ‘developing’ their ‘God-given’ resources.U.S. allocates first of $30M in grants for forest conservation in SumatraPlanet4dcarrot hella thick ;)Melting Arctic sea ice may be altering winds, weather at equator: studyleftylarry30 JanThe Arctic sea ice seems to be recovering this winter as per the last 10-12 years, good news.Malaysia has the world’s highest deforestation rate, reveals Google forest mapBone27 Sep, 2018Who you’re trying to fool with selective data revelation?You can’t hide the truth if you show historical deforestation for all countries, especially in Europe from 1800s to this day. WorldBank has a good wholesome data on this.Mass tree planting along India’s Cauvery River has scientists worriedSurendra Nekkanti23 JanHi Mongabay. Good effort trying to be objective in this article. I would like to give a constructive feedback which could help in clearing things up.1. It is mentioned that planting trees in village common lands will have negative affects socially and ecologically. There is no need to even have to agree or disagree with it, because, you also mentioned the fact that Cauvery Calling aims to plant trees only in the private lands of the farmers. So, plantation in the common lands doesn’t come into the picture.2.I don’t see that the ecologists are totally against this project, but just they they have some concerns, mainly in terms of what species of trees will be planted. And because there was no direct communication between the ecologists and Isha Foundation, it was not possible for them to address the concerns. As you seem to have spoken with an Isha spokesperson, if you could connect the concerned parties, it would be great, because I see that the ecologists are genuinely interested in making sure things are done the right way.May we all come together and make things happen.Rare Amazon bush dogs caught on camera in BoliviaCarrot1 Feba very good iniciative to be fallowed by the ranchers all overSponsored
Barry said he has created a task force of LAFD management and employee unions to address issues, including the recruiting and training of more women and minorities. firstname.lastname@example.org (213) 978-0390 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! Taking steps to curb hazing at fire stations, officials said Monday they are expanding and tightening disciplinary procedures to deal with complaints within the ranks of the Los Angeles Fire Department. Interim Fire Chief Douglas Barry told the City Council’s Public Safety Committee that he believes the department has been chastened by media reports in the case of former firefighter Tennie Pierce, an African-American who filed a discrimination lawsuit after dog food was slipped into his dinner. A proposed $2.7 million settlement sparked public outrage and focused attention on horseplay, pranks and practical jokes in the 3,000-member department. “Has hazing stopped and will it never happen again? I think we can reduce it to make it a minimal issue, but I can’t say it will never happen again,” Barry said. “We can get to the point where it will be much less. “To us, we are addressing the issue, and the clear message I am sending out on that is it will not be tolerated.” Barry said the department also has adopted procedures similar to the Los Angeles Police Department’s to track complaints and ensure they are handled properly. In his suit, Pierce said his supervisors mishandled complaints about his colleagues’ prank and reports on the incident were altered. Barry said he is working to replace an informal complaint procedure with a codified policy requiring that all investigations be signed to prevent them from being altered later. Officials said the LAFD received 425 formal complaints over the last four years and expects that number to increase under the new disciplinary rules.
1 In the end it was a relatively trouble-free victory, as Everton eased to a 4-1 victory over Young Boys in their Europa League last-32 first leg clash. With such a healthy aggregate though, it seems as though the only ones standing in the way of the Toffees and the tournament’s last-16 is themselves, a problem Roberto Martinez’s team have encountered one too many times this season.Martinez will be the first to admit that his side have been the football equivalent of Jekyll and Hyde, with their domestic and European forms polar opposites.While their league form continues to disappoint – Everton have won just one of their last ten matches – when it comes to European competition, there have been few better teams than the Merseysiders.With a Premier League clash against Arsenal on the horizon, Martinez would be forgiven for placing more focus on his worrying league position, but how could that affect Everton’s line-up this evening? 1 Everton face Young Boys at Goodison Park GoalkeeperTim Howard’s dip in form has seen a number of observers to call of him to be dropped, but it looks as though Martinez will stand by his under-fire star.DefenceWhile Martinez might be tempted to rest some of his first choice players, it seems as though he will opt for a strong backline. Despite conceding against Young Boys last time out, the Toffees’ backline should have a relatively trouble-free evening. With John Stones suspended, the only expected change is Antolin Alcaraz, who could get the nod.MidfieldAaron Lennon featured prominently in training, but the on-loan wideman remains cup-tied, so will no feature. One player who is desperate to feature though is Gareth Barry. The midfielder has struggled this season and recently spoke of a determination to retrun to form.AttackMartinez was forced to go on the defensive yet again in his pre-match press conference, this time backing striker Romelu Lukaku, who followed his first-leag hat-trick heroics with a poor display against Leicester. The Belgian is therefore expected to be selected, as is youngster Christian Atsu, who recently spoke of a desire to use his African Cup of Nations success to kick start his season.Everton fans, how do you think you’ll line-up this evening? Comment below…
The duo expanded to a trio to include David Flores, Verdeja’s best friend, who is also serving in Iraq, Diaz said. Verdeja’s decision to enlist came as a surprise to friends, who were already reeling from Flores’ decision to join the military. But Verdeja wanted to provide a stable income for his family, and thought military life would give him the stability and the time to reset his priorities, which included going back to school and getting a degree. Contact with friends was mainly through his MySpace page, and he rarely elaborated on the hardships of army life. A viewing and vigil will be 6 p.m. Friday at Guerra Gutierrez Mortuary at 5800 E. Beverly Blvd. Los Angeles. A mass is scheduled for Saturday at 9 a.m. at St. Alphonsus Church, 532 S. Atlantic Blvd. Los Angeles, with an interment to follow. email@example.com (626) 962-8811, Ext. 2108160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! The multi-sport athlete graduated from Garfield High School in East Los Angeles in 2005 and attended Cerritos Community College. His family moved to La Puente in 2005 and recently moved to Moreno Valley, friends said. “Justin was an outstanding individual, well-focused guy and attentive,” said Raymond Eason, senior Army instructor at Garfield High School’s ROTC program, where Verdeja was enrolled from July 2005 to June 2006. Friends recalled Verdeja’s obsession with skulls, frequently purchasing T-shirts, rings, or necklaces that had the bones on them. “It was not an unhealthy obsession,” Guerrero said. “He was known in high school as the skull guy.” The second oldest of six children, Verdeja was a devoted son and brother. To help his mother with household expenses, he worked as a busboy in a restaurant and gave the majority of his paycheck to her. Joseph Diaz met Verdeja when both were in the sixth grade at Griffith Middle School. To his friends, Justin Verdeja often played the role of a goodwill ambassador – urging bickering friends to set aside differences and never allowing petty conflicts to destroy friendships. Army Spc. Verdeja, 20, an East Los Angeles native with ties to La Puente, died June 5 when his unit was attacked by insurgents in Baghdad. “He was always calm and collected, but had a great sense of humor,” said Kalla Guerrero, who attended Garfield Senior High School with Verdeja. Verdeja was assigned to the U.S. Army’s 2nd Battalion, 12th Infantry Regiment, 2nd Brigade Combat Team, 2nd Infantry Division out of Fort Carson, Colo.
6. Old Trafford is the biggest club stadium in the UK – While the Kop may have built a reputation for creating a bit of atmosphere over the years, with 54,074 seats Liverpool will need to do a bit more than rebuild their old Main Stand for Anfield to come anywhere near Old Trafford’s huge capacity. With 75,731 seats the Theatre of Dreams is comfortably the largest club ground (discounting Wembley) in the Premier League, ranking sixth overall in Europe and making it one of the grandest football grounds in the world. The true giants of world football Real Madrid, Barcelona, Bayern, AC Milan all play in massive stadiums. That’s real stature. The Old Trafford faithful will probably tell you they have better songs, too. There is no doubt the Man United/Liverpool game is seen as the biggest game in English football, regardless of where the clubs rank in the Premier League table.The two clubs’ intense rivalry runs deep, but which club is better?WHY UNITED AND LIVERPOOL HAVE MORE IN COMMON THAN SOME MIGHT BELIEVEScroll through the gallery to see seven reasons Man United are better than their north west rivals. Disagree? Then read these seven reasons why Liverpool are better. 7 1. It’s 2-1 in Champions League victories – Let’s face it, Liverpool will always argue they trump United when it comes to Europe. Granted, five European Cups looks impressive in the cabinet, but looking at their first win back in 1977 they only had to beat Crusaders (who?), Trabzonspor, St Etienne, FC Zurich and Borussia Monchengladbach. Okay, the latter had some wonderful players, but they were not exactly Europe’s traditional heavyweights. The year after Liverpool had a bye in the first round (a free bloomin’ pass!) leaving them with a meagre four matches to reclaim the cup. Ferguson’s first Champions League win in 1999 saw United overcome LKS Lodz, Barca, Bayern, Brondby, Inter, Juve and Bayern again in that dramatic final. Liverpool finally managed to put an end to 21 years of European heartache with their first Champions League victory in 2005, before United claimed their second in Moscow three years later, demonstrating their superiority in the modern era. Only an incredible Barca team stopped United winning three in four seasons. 7 7 4. United are considerably richer than Liverpool – They say money talks, so the Stretford End would be shouting so loud it would silence Anfield even on a European night. With savvy commercial revenue streams coming in from every corner of the globe, the Red Devils trump their Merseyside rivals, bringing in £ £581m in the last set of financial results compared to Liverpool’s £301m. Add to that a world record-breaking £750m Adidas shirt sponsorship, which was signed in 2015 for the next decade and it looks as if the trend is set to continue for the richest club on the planet. 7 3. United have more history – 14 years prior to the birth of Liverpool FC, a bunch of railway men decided to form Newton Heath LYR FC, way back in 1878. That club would become better known as Manchester United. Meanwhile, in the same year Everton occupied Anfield and would continue to do so before an issue over rent resulted in the Toffees leaving for Goodison Park. So it was that Liverpool were formed to keep Anfield’s landlord in ticket revenue. That’s right, not only were Liverpool formed years after United, but they were a kind of proto-MK Dons. And Scousers had the cheek to moan about United’s commercialism! 7 2. United have won the most league titles: 20 v 18 – After giving Liverpool an 11 league title head start, Sir Alex Ferguson made it his mantra to knock ‘Liverpool right off their [expletive deleted] perch.’ True to his word, the Scot delivered 13 league trophies plus another 25 major honours during his 27 years in charge. In 2014 the Merseyside men did come within touching distance of claiming their first ever Premier League title, only for a late slip by Stevie G to ensure the wait will last a little longer. Come back when you’ve won, er, one, eh lads? 5. Man United won the best treble of all – United went where no English team had ever been before in 1999, with that famous triple crown. Make no mistake, this was the greatest and most successful season any English football club has ever had. Liverpool fans may well remind us that they collected a hat-trick of trophies back in 2001, but we all know the League Cup, UEFA Cup and FA Cup isn’t a proper treble. Ditto their 1984 effort (which included the League Cup then known as the Milk Cup, which you just can’t take seriously). Liverpool nearly won the proper treble in 1977, claiming the European Cup and First Division, but they bottled the FA Cup final, losing to United. 7 7 7. Man United are more popular than Liverpool – Liverpool must be wondering which category they can get one over United in. The Red Devils are richer, have more history, more trophies in the cabinet, play in a bigger stadium and even come out on top in the popularity stakes certainly on Twitter. It is a fact United have over 6m more followers then their bitter rivals at the time of writing, despite taking an age to sign up to the social network. On Facebook it’s an even more comprehensive trouncing: 73.9m United likes compared to 30.2m for Liverpool. There’s a reason why United are more popular they’re just better!
7 ROY KEANERoy Keane, now the retired footballer and occasional manager/ TV football pundit, regularly changes his appearance and we love it! He’s one of those guys who can pull off any facial hair, from the fully grown silver fox beard to his excellently crafted clean-shave. 7 7 Cornerstone: Precision grooming for every occasion Click here to check out the full Cornerstone range CRISTIANO RONALDOProbably the most difficult to understand, yet brilliant footballer around. Cristiano Ronaldo makes the list for his sheer dedication to the clean shave. Throughout his career, he has always looked 100% on point, the fantastic tan and smooth shave look brilliant and we can’t help but think that if he used a Cornerstone razor, he may even win the World Cup. Check out our subscription box to make sure you’re stocked for a regular shave. LIONEL MESSILionel Messi was always clean shaven, however, with the surge in popularity of facial hair he soon got in on the act. He has a well groomed and cool beard with not very much going on, however, you can clearly see that he clean shaves his neck and cheeks to keep the style in check. Many men with facial hair still use a quality razor as they give you the closest and longest lasting shave, whilst also keeping the style intact! DAVID BECKHAMCan you really analyse footballers with facial hair without delving into the wild and crazy styles of David Beckham? Golden Balls has tried and pretty much rocked it all! In recent years, Becks has had a slight stubble but clearly uses a razor to design and accentuate his facial angles, making himself look very presentable and gentlemanly. Definitely, a worthy style if you’re looking for that everyday, relaxed look. Cornerstone is the ultimate men’s morning routine company and, just because we started as a shaving company doesn’t necessarily mean we oppose beards. In fact, we think they’re great!We are here to help educate you in grooming techniques and shaping your facial hair (not letting it all get out of hand.) Because of this, the Cornerstone team has put together a list of footballers with magnificent, well-groomed beards and how you can achieve them!OLIVIER GIROUDOlivier Giroud is one smart and stylish fellow. The flamboyant Arsenal attacker is known for his extravagant hairstyles, facial hair and excitable celebrations, so we thought he’d make a great opening addition to our list. The French striker has a beautifully groomed beard, with sharp points and low clean-shaven cheeks meaning it is never out of hand. We would recommend a style such as this, using a quality precision razor to get those sharp cheek points and clean-shaven neck. Remember to use a hydrating moisturiser afterwards to keep your skin ready for the day ahead. 7 7 We have to be honest, with his facial structure, we think Roy definitely suits that clean-shaven look. We may be biased but we think he’d be even better with a Cornerstone shave! 7 7
AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREFrumpy Middle-aged Mom: My realistic 2020 New Year’s resolutions. Some involve doughnuts.His attorney will work with authorities to arrange a time for the star of such films as “The Sixth Sense” and “Pay it Forward” to surrender, Robison said. The district attorney plans to request that bail be set at $15,000. DreamWorks spokesman and family friend Marvin Levy said Thursday the family would have “no comment at this time” on the charges. Levy said Wednesday that Osment has recovered from injuries that landed him in the hospital and is preparing to attend college in the fall. The actor recently finished work on the film “Home of the Giants.” “He’s fine. The injuries were slight, not serious,” Levy said. Authorities said Osment was driving home alone about 1 a.m. on July 20 when his 1995 Saturn hit a mailbox in the La Ca ada Flintridge area and flipped over. 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! GLENDALE – Teen actor Haley Joel Osment, who suffered a broken rib last month when his car struck a mailbox, was charged Thursday with drunken driving and marijuana possession, authorities said. Osment’s blood-alcohol level after the July 20 crash was measured at 0.16 percent, twice the legal limit, said Jane Robison, a spokeswoman for the Los Angeles County district attorney’s office. The 18-year-old actor was charged with misdemeanor counts of driving under the influence, marijuana possession and driving under the influence with the special allegation of having a blood-alcohol content of 0.15 percent or higher. He also faces a vehicle code infraction of being under the age of 21and driving with a blood-alcohol level of 0.05 percent or greater. Osment, who faces a maximum of six months in jail if convicted, was scheduled to be arraigned Sept. 19 in Glendale Superior Court.
“I am very excited to see a group of motivated individuals become the officers of the Washington County Young Republicans,” said IFYR 9th Congressional District Vice Chairwoman, Sarah Milligan Bodenbender. “To become a powerful and influential group in Indiana we need strong leaders. I believe this group has what it takes to build up their county and also the state federation.IFYR is a chapter of the Young Republican National Federation and is the youth and young professional arm of the Indiana Republican Party. The group consists of Republicans age 18-40 and provides these individuals with a better political knowledge and understanding of the issues today.The organization is used as an outlet for members to directly affect campaigns and elections through a variety of activities, including campaign leadership, door-to-door activities, fundraising assistance, and producing candidates to run for office.The Washington County YRs will be taking part in that mission and helping to build the Republican Party within the county and state. The newly elected officers have already developed goals and brainstormed ideas to be ready for the 2014 election cycle.“The YRs are the party’s ‘boots on the ground,’ who are ready to take action when needed,’ said newly elected YR, Chair Cody Bodenbender. “Along with growing membership, I will ensure our group is well trained and prepared to take part in any and all political activities. If a candidate needs help with phone banks, going door-to-door, or events, I want the Young Republicans to be the first one’s they call.”The Washington County YRs will hold their next monthly meeting on Wednesday, April 9, 6:00 p.m. at Arby’s in Salem. Anyone interested is encouraged to attend, as well as any candidates running for office in the county.If you are interested in becoming a member of the Washington County Young Republicans you can contact Chair Cody Bodenbender at firstname.lastname@example.org or by phone at 502-774-0435.If you do not reside in Washington County and would like to join a YR group in your area you can contact the IFYR 9th Congressional District Vice Chair Sarah Milligan Bodenbender at email@example.com or 812-272-7216. The Washington County chapter of the Indiana Federation of Young Republicans (IFYR) elected new officers Saturday, March 22, at their monthly meeting.According the IFYR bylaws, county chapters are required to hold elections every two years and pass bylaws in order to become a chartered group. The group elected Chairman, Cody Bodenbender of Fredericksburg; Vice Chairman, Adam Brown of Salem; Secretary, Angel Coomer of Salem; and Treasurer, Phillip Jones of Pekin.
In what seems to be a mouth-watering clash for Indian tennis fans, Rohan Bopanna has ensured a semi-final clash with veteran Leander Paes after the two won their respective mixed doubles matches on Day 8 of the US Open here.The fourth-seeded pair of Paes and Hingis moved into the final-four after getting a walk-over from the Romanian pair of Simona Halep and Horia Tecau in the last-eight encounter.Bopanna and his Chinese Taipei partner Yung-Jan Chan though had to battle hard against Su-Wei Hsieh (Chinese Taipei) and Henri Kontinen (Finland).The second-seeded Bopanna-Chan combine got the better of Hsieh and Kontinen 7-6, 5-7, 13-11 in a 1 hour 50 minute battle on Court 17.Also read: Bopanna-Mergea duo enters quarters Meanwhile Bopanna also continued his winning run in the men’s doubles draw as he booked a quarterfinal berth alongwith partner Florin Mergea.Bopanna and Mergea staved off the third-round challenge from Canada’s Daniel Nestor and Edouard Roger-Vasselin of France 6-7, 6-4, 6-3 in a match that lasted for just over 2 hours.The sixth-seeded pair dished out 10 aces as compared to the three sent down by the Canadian-French pair, which was seeded ninth.The Indo-Romanian duo will now face Dominic Inglot of Great Britain and Robert Lindstedt of Sweden in the last-eight encounter.India also saw success in the junior girls section as Karman Kaur Thandi served past Germany’s Katharina Hobgarski 6-3, 7-6 in the singles opening round. Thandi will now face Evgeniya Levashova of Russia in the third round.15th-seeded Pranjala Yadlapalli though had to bow out after suffering a 6-7, 3-6 first-round defeat against Valentini Grammatikopoulou of Greece.advertisementEven Thandi, 17, was not lucky in the junior girls doubles draws she and Elini Christofi of Greece suffered a first-round defeat at the hands of the Australian duo of Kimberly Birrell and Maddison Inglis 3-6, 5-7.
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